关 键 词 ：《临川四梦》，男性形象，历史理性，哲学意蕴，学科分类：文学--中国古代文学
During his lifetime, Tang Xianzu created many excellent works, which are beloved by many Chinese readers and have been spread to many countries such as Britain, Japan, Germany, Russia, etc., and are regarded as the precious wealth of the world's drama art. However, the female images in Tang Xianzu's works of Linchuan and Four Dreams are more brilliant and great, and some of Tang's creative ideas are expressed through women. However, the male images are also very important, but few people have studied them. Therefore, the male images in the Four Dreams of Linchuan are chosen as the starting point. Four dreams of linchuan reading originally, collecting a large number of relevant data to fully grasp the correct study first, and then on the basis of the theory of text hierarchical analysis, through the study of literary language and literature implication layer exploration of the literary connotation of linchuan four dream work as well as the historical and philosophical significance, and through the analysis of typical characters in typical environment, Such as the complex and multi-facet literati, corrupt and rigid officials, fatuous and incompetent emperors, through some typical characters to further explore the life ideal of Tang Xianzu's works. At the same time, we can see the change and integration of Tang Xianzu's philosophy and political ideal in his whole life, from the first Confucianism to the pursuit of the three unity of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, from Liu Mengmei's dedication to fame to the lack of talent and national ambition embodied in the whole body. Tang Xianzu's multi-facet interpretation of male characters reflects Tang Xianzu's respect for women and democratic consciousness from the male hero's attitude towards women. From the official career experience of the male master worker in the play, we can see Tang Xianzu's eternal "Utopia" ideal in the ups and downs of his political career, as well as his many thoughts on life. Through the superficial research in this paper, I also have a deeper understanding of the meaning of Tang Xianzu's literary works.