当前位置 > 论文在线 > 经济学
生态环境对我国城市人口流动的影响 作者:卿帅

关 键 词 :生态环境;环境污染;人口流动;产业集聚学科分类:经济学--环境经济学

摘要/Abstract

十九大之后,中国进入新发展阶段,生态环境问题日益受到人们的关注,城市环境污染问题不仅影响到居民工作生活,还对身体健康造成损害,导致人口外流。伴随着生态文明建设,许多城市开始重视环境治理和环境优化,从而提升环境质量来吸引人口流入。因此本文将重点研究生态环境质量是否影响我国城市人口流动,通过防治环境污染问题和提升环境优化水平来促进人口有序流动。本文采用2006-2016年间271个地级市及以上城市的面板数据,将生态环境质量划分为环境污染和环境优化,来验证对我国城市人口流动的影响及其传导机制,针对不同地区城市和不同行政等级城市进行分样本研究,并采用对数据缩尾、增加环境规制控制变量、改用差分GMM这三种方法来进行稳健性检验,同时构建动态面板模型来解决内生性问题。研究发现:环境污染对人口流动有负向作用,助长人口流出;环境优化对人口流动有正向作用,促进人口流入。生态环境对我国城市人口流动的影响在不同区域之间存在差异性,在中西部地区,环境污染和环境优化对人口流动的影响要明显于东部地区;生态环境对我国城市人口流动的影响在不同行政等级城市之间存在差异性,在一般地级市,环境污染和环境优化对人口流动的影响要明显于高等级城市。最后本文得到了优化生态环境促进人口有序流动的政策建议:创新户籍制度改革,加快产业结构优化升级,减少污染物乱排放。


After the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China has entered a new stage of development, and people's attention has been paid to ecological and environmental issues. Urban environmental pollution not only affects the work and life of residents, but also damages their health and leads to population outflow. With the construction of ecological civilization, many cities have begun to attach importance to environmental governance and environmental optimization, thereby improving environmental quality and attracting population inflows. Therefore, this paper will focus on whether the quality of the ecological environment affects the flow of urban population in my country, and promote the orderly flow of population by preventing and controlling environmental pollution problems and improving the level of environmental optimization. This paper uses the panel data of 271 prefecture-level cities and above from 2006 to 2016, and divides the ecological environment quality into environmental pollution and environmental optimization to verify the impact on my country's urban population flow and its transmission mechanism. A sub-sample study was carried out on administrative-level cities, and three methods were used to test the robustness of data, including shrinking the tail of the data, adding environmental regulation control variables, and using differential GMM instead. At the same time, a dynamic panel model was constructed to solve the endogeneity problem. The study found that environmental pollution has a negative effect on population flow and promotes population outflow; environmental optimization has a positive effect on population flow and promotes population inflow. The impact of ecological environment on my country's urban population flow varies between regions. In the central and western regions, the impact of environmental pollution and environmental optimization on population flow is more obvious than in the eastern region; the impact of ecological environment on my country's urban population flow varies in different regions. There are differences between administrative-level cities. In general prefecture-level cities, the impact of environmental pollution and environmental optimization on population flow is more obvious than in high-level cities. Finally, this paper obtains policy suggestions for optimizing the ecological environment and promoting the orderly flow of population: innovate the reform of the household registration system, speed up the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure, reduce the random discharge of pollutants,.


友情链接

中国高校人文社会科学信息网函件

论文刊载证明

生态环境对我国城市人口流动的影响 于 2022-05-10 在中国高校人文社会科学信息网(互联网出版许可证:(总)网出证(京)字第052号)刊载,对外公开发表。论文作者为:卿帅 。特此证明。

  

刊载地址:https://www.sinoss.net/c/2022-05-10/623101.shtml

中国人民大学出版社

中国高校人文社会科学信息网

2022-05-10