关 键 词 ：马克思权利思想；权利异化；时代价值学科分类：
The thought of Marx's rights is based on the criticisms of Kant and Hegel's views about rights in legal philosophy. It is the sublation and transcendence about Western thoughts of rights since the Enlightenment era. Marx criticized the theory of the source of rights in the previous legal philosophy from the perspective of the value, and then revealed that the problems of rights in Capitalist Society, which originated from the phenomenon of human alienation; From the analysis of civil society, Marx deeply explained the duality of rights, so as to find a way to completely solve the problems of the essence of rights and the realization of human rights in politics and economy. On the basis of adhering to the historical view of dialectical materialism, Marx judge the generation, practical problems and future forms of rights scientifically from the perspective of history and real life. At present, it is of great significance to emphasize the combination of ontology, value theory and practice theory in this sciential theory, which is conducive to continuous realization in our country and the peoples’ fundamental rights in logical links and life practice.