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语用学视角下《红楼梦》中林黛玉会话含义分析 作者:李嘉楠

关 键 词 :红楼梦 文学语言 会话含义 合作原则 礼貌原则学科分类:语言学--普通语言学

摘要/Abstract

现实会话中,说话者可以通过以言行事产生的言外之意完成其交际意图。通过分析《红楼梦》具体语料可以表明,格赖斯的会话合作原则及其准则可以用于揭示人际间的会话冲突及其生成理据。在《红楼梦》文本的具体语境中,林黛玉这一会话者为了个人事先预设的交际目的,充分运用汉语的各种表征方式,很好地实现了特定话语交际的表情达意功能。通过分析具体语料表明,一些违反合作原则的会话既是为了遵循礼貌原则,也是为了维护会话双方的面子,避免其与大观园内的现场会话者彼此尴尬使会话难以维系,所以故意采用相应语用策略以实现自己真实会话意图。与此同时,林黛玉与贾府诸人的会话过程也表明,交际者的心理、身份、地位等因素都会对会话者遵守或违反礼貌原则施加影响。整个研究表明,运用语用学理论能有效分析文学文本内人物会话的功能与深层含义,这不仅可以帮助读者更准确理解文学文本的语言符号系统,同时也便于揭示文本中特定人物符号的内涵,从而以新的视角分析文学语言。


In real conversation, the speaker can achieve his communicative intention through the implicit meaning generated by speaking and acting. Through the analysis of the specific corpus of a dream of Red Mansions, it can be shown that Grice's conversational cooperation principle and its norms can be used to reveal interpersonal conversational conflict and its generative motivation. In the specific context of the text of a dream of Red Mansions, Lindaiyu, as a speaker, made full use of various representations of Chinese to achieve the expression function of specific discourse communication for the purpose of personal preset communication. The analysis of specific data shows that some conversations that violate the cooperative principle are not only to follow the politeness principle, but also to maintain the face of both sides of the conversation, so as to avoid embarrassment between them and the on-site interlocutors in the Grand View Garden, which makes the conversation difficult to maintain. Therefore, they deliberately adopt corresponding pragmatic strategies to achieve their real conversational intention. At the same time, the conversational process between Lindaiyu and the Jia family also shows that the psychological, identity, status and other factors of the communicators will exert influence on the conversationalists' compliance with or violation of the politeness principle. The whole study shows that the use of pragmatic theory can effectively analyze the functions and deep meanings of character conversations in literary texts, which can not only help readers more accurately understand the language symbol system of literary texts, but also facilitate the disclosure of the connotation of specific character symbols in texts, so as to analyze literary languages from a new perspective.


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论文刊载证明

语用学视角下《红楼梦》中林黛玉会话含义分析 于 2022-05-30 在中国高校人文社会科学信息网(互联网出版许可证:(总)网出证(京)字第052号)刊载,对外公开发表。论文作者为:李嘉楠 。特此证明。

  

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2022-05-30